New energy trucks in the eyes of users: charging and switching concerns, light trucks are more suita

2023-03-07 15:01

On August 11, the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) released new data: From January to July, China's cumulative sales of new energy commercial vehicles amounted to 80,000 units, up 58.9% year-on-year. Among them, the cumulative sales of pure electric commercial vehicles were 78,000 units, up 64.4% year-on-year.

The data visually reflects: China's new energy commercial vehicle sales base is low, in the year-on-year growth of 60%, January-July sales of only 80,000 units.

Relevant analysts said that China's new energy commercial vehicles still have a huge growth space.

Data show that in 2020, China's total commercial vehicle sales of 5.133 million units, new energy commercial vehicle sales of 121,000 units, accounting for only 2.3%. In the new energy commercial vehicles, as a promotional product in the urban transportation network, the new energy bus sales accounted for a higher percentage of 65.26%, while as the main model in the transportation industry, the new energy truck accounted for only 34.74%.

It is worth noting that the energy saving and carbon reduction of commercial vehicles has always been the focus of relevant industries and sectors. In the just past July, China's heavy-duty diesel vehicles officially implemented the "National Sixth Stage Motor Vehicle Pollutant Emission Standards" (hereinafter referred to as National Six), which means that heavy-duty diesel vehicles that do not meet the National Sixth emission standards will be banned from production and sales.

This also means that, for traditional trucks, the cost of technology and spare parts will further increase due to emission restrictions.

China Association of Automobile Manufacturers Deputy Secretary General Shi Jianhua said in an interview, heavy-duty diesel vehicles after the implementation of the national six emission standards, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emission limits will be reduced by 77% and 67%, respectively, which is important for energy saving and emission reduction. However, in order to meet the emission requirements, car companies need to update the post-processors of diesel engines, including DPF (exhaust particulate trap), SCR (nitride processor), DOC (diesel oxidation catalyst), EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) and other environmental protection devices are installed on the engine.

But relying solely on upgrading emissions standards for diesel heavy commercial vehicles is clearly far from enough to accelerate the pace of carbon reduction in commercial vehicles, according to the Ministry of Environmental Protection's 2020 Annual Report on Environmental Management of Mobile Sources in China, diesel vehicles emit more than 80 percent of total vehicle emissions of nitrogen oxides and more than 90 percent of particulate matter emissions.

Therefore, further increasing the new energy conversion of commercial vehicles, especially vans, is a priority in the current environment.

Currently, new energy trucks with green license plates are promoted by multiple cities and exempted from most right-of-way restrictions everywhere. For example, Shanghai new energy freight vehicles are given priority in the issuance of permits. Chongqing, in addition to individual roads, new energy light trucks are not subject to the restrictions of the management of truck restrictions and do not need to apply for a truck permit (less than 4.5 tons) ......